Monday, September 02, 2019

Daily diet of minerals

The total daily diet contains minerals within the range of 0.2-0.3% of all nutrients. Human nutritional requirements demand at least 23 mineral elements, and there are various methods available to establish the nutritional status of minerals.

The required daily quantities of mineral nutrients are small, particularly when compared with nutrients such as carbohydrates and lipids. The minimum and maximum mineral contents necessary to produce adverse effects can vary widely between different mineral nutrients.

Inappropriate intakes and/or elevated requirements resulting from a range of conditions, including disease, malabsorption, some medicines, and excessive losses, will eventually lead to a state of deficiency or toxicity with associated pathophysiology.

Minerals are essential for the normal growth and maintenance of the body. If the daily requirement is more than 100mg/day they are called major elements and if the daily requirement is less than 100mg/day they are called minor elements. The roles of minerals and vitamins in the maintenance of homeostatic balance and mediation of metabolic reactions in the skeleton, tissues, body fluids, digestive juices, etc.
Daily diet of minerals
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