Monday, August 30, 2010

World Demand of Animals Products

World Demand of Animals Products
Animas and animal products supply many of the basic needs (food, shelter, clothing, fuel and emotional well-being) and contribute to a high standard of living that is sometimes associated with a high consumption of animal products.

About 30 percent of the world human population and 32 percent of the animal population live in developed regions of the world. The animals of these regions produce two third of the world’s meat and 80 percent of the world’s milk.

There has been an increasing pressure on the livestock sector to meet the growing demand for high value animal protein.

The world’s livestock sector is growing at an unprecedented rate and the driving force behind this enormous surge is a combination of population growth, rising incomes and urbanization.

Annual meat production is projected to increase from 218 million tons in 1997 – 1999 to 376 million tons by 2030.

There is a strong positive relationship between the level of income and the consumption of animal protein, with the consumption of meat, milk and eggs increasing at the expense of staple foods.

Urbanization is a major driving force influencing global demand for livestock products. Urbanization stimulates improvements in infrastructure, including cold chains, which permits trade in perishable goods.

Compared with the less diversified diets of the rural communities, city dwellers have a varied diet rich in animal proteins and fats, and characterized by higher consumption of meat, poultry, milk and other dairy products.

As diets become richer and more diverse, the high value protein that the livestock sector offers improves the nutrition of the vast majority of the world.

Livestock products not only provide high value protein but are also important sources of a wide range of essential micronutrients, in particular minerals such as iron and zinc, and vitamins such as vitamin A.

Overall, animal products provide about 36 percent of the caloric content of the food supply. Red meats account for the largest portion of the calories (about 15 percent), followed by dairy products (10 percent) and animal fats (4 percent).

For large majority of people in the the world, particularly in developing countries, livestock products remain a desired food for nutritional value and taste.

In these countries, animal products are a much smaller but still important part of the diet, providing 20 percent of the protein for human consumption.

However, animal production has been rising rapidly and can increase several fold in the future if research and development can overcome certain obstacles.

The growing demand for livestock products is likely to have an undesirable impact on the environment. For example, there will be more large-scale, industrial production, often located close to urban centers, which brings with it a range of environmental and public health risks.

The low energy conversion ration from feed to meat is another concern, since some of the cereal grain food produced is diverted to livestock production.

Likewise, land and water requirements for meat production are likely to become a major concern, as the increasing demand for animal products in more intensive livestock production systems.
World Demand of Animals Products
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